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Full text of "The manufacture and properties of iron and steel"

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500
THE IKON INDUSTRY.
dustry in 1903, while Tables XXIII-C, D and E give the results of an inquiry into the iron trade during the last twenty years. It is shown that the English iron industry is in a stationary condition. The output of ore has decreased in the last twenty years, but
TABLE XXIII-D. Output of Iron Ore in Great Britain; one unit=1000 tons.
District.				Average 1886 to	Average 1891 to	Average 1896 to	Average 1901 to
	1860	1870	1880	1890	1895	1900	1903
				incl.	incl.	incl.	incl.
Northeast Coast.. .	1484	4298'	6528	5416	4700	5639	5458
Eastern Central.. .	118	1048	2765	2897	2974	4018	4130
West Coast ........	990	2093	'2759	2569	2199	1943	1540
Staffordshire ......	1543	1378	1798	1341	935	1025	793
Scotland ...........	2150	3500	2664	1226	785	887	505
Bristol Channel...	828	865	534	197	. 160	120	33
Central.. ...........	376	385	153	15	11	4	2
South Yorkshire	256	308	287	78	72	56	
Others .......... . .	279	496	538	286	229	339	679
							
Total ...........	8024	14371	18026	14025	12055	14031	13140
							
is now increasing, owing to the development of the lean ore beds of Leicestershire, Lincolnshire and Northamptonshire. There has been a decided increase in the amount of ore imported, and the production of pig-iron has been thus sustained, but the rate of increase in production of iron and steel has been less in the case of
TABLE XXIII-E. Imports of Ore into Great Britain at Different Points.
	Average 1882 to 1885 inclusive.	Average 1886 to 1890 inclusive.	Average 1891 to 1895 inclusive.	Average 1896 to 1900 inclusive.	Average 1901 to 1903 inclusive.
Northeast Coast ..............	948,000	1,488,000	1920000	2854000	2051,000
Bristol Channel ..............	1.434.000 	1,347000	1 183000	1 387000	1257000
Scotland ...................	382000	575000	'694'000	1 394' 000	1 640000
West Coast. ............. .....	294,000	3i7000	166'000	'sgg'ooo	l'l24000
Others .........................	11,000	15,000	15000	si'ooo	29000
					
Total ........	3069000	3742000	3978000	6048000	6 101 000
					
England than in any of the other leading nations. For the sake of comparison I have calculated the average output per year for the five years from 1880 to 1884 inclusive, and for the five years from 1899 to 1903. In the case of Russia the output of pig-iron in the